Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/index.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::importPlugin() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/index.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFile::exists() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/plugins/system/socialloginandsocialshare.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::clean() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/filesystem/file.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JPlugin in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JEvent::update() should be compatible with JObserver::update() in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/event/event.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

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Место в севообороте - Lenagro.ORG Сельское хозяйство Ленинградской области
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Место в севообороте

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Автор: Евгений Долматов   
29.05.2013 14:04
В системе земледелия ведущая роль отводится правильно подобранному севообороту как фактору, способствующему повышения урожайности сельскохозяйственных культур. Севооборот призван быть не просто агрономическим приемом, оказывающим лишь положительное разовое действие на урожай, а активным и регламентирующим фактором всего сельскохозяйственного производства.

В Карелии пашня распределяется по почвенным типам в следующих соотношениях: подзолистые-56, дерновые и шунгитовые-1, болотно-подзолистые-35, болотные-7, аллювиальные-1 %.

Основной тип почв для размещения севооборотов с картофелем - подзолистые. По механическому составу они в основном супесчаные, легко - и среднесуглинистые. Среди различных по механическому составу почв наиболее пригодными для выращивания картофеля считаются легкие, супесчаные и легкосуглинистые, обогащенные органическим веществом. Это должно быть определяющим фактором при специализации хозяйств, бригад, при проектировании и размещении севооборотов.

Непременное условие для введения специализированных севооборотов с картофелем — подбор наиболее окультуренных средне- и слабокислых почв с глубоким пахотным слоем (не менее 20 - 22 см), содержанием гумуса 2,0 % и выше. В зависимости от конкретных условий, целевого назначения посадок (товарные или семенные) насыщенность картофелем в севообороте может быть от 20 до 50 %.

Многолетние исследования научно - исследовательского института картофельного хозяйства показали, что при насыщении севооборотов картофелем до 50 % урожайность его не снижается, но при бессменном возделывании картофеля существует реальная опасность насыщения почв нематодами, усиление вредоносного влияния других болезней, снижения качества посадочного материала. Для того, чтобы не допустить распространения нематод, посадки картофеля следует возвращать на прежнее место не раньше, чем через 3 года. Семеноводческие посадки необходимо размещать в севообороте с таким расчетом, чтобы картофель возвращался на прежнее место не раньше, чем через три-четыре года. Предшественниками картофеля в севооборотах могут быть многолетние и однолетние травы, озимые и яровые зерновые, а при повторных посадках - и картофель. Различия в действии предшественников на урожай картофеля несущественны, если вносится достаточно органических и минеральных удобрений.

Таблица 2. Эффективность предшественников картофеля при разных дозах удобрений

Урожай картофеля, ц/га

Предшественнник

без

20 т/га навоза+

30 т/га навоза+

40т/га навоза+

удобрений

N 60 р60 К60

N90 Р90 К90

N120 Р120 К0120

Клевер

86,9

203

246

276

Ячмень

-

185

240

262

Озимая рожь

65,4

182

219

290

Вико - овсяная смесь

-

175

252

275

Картофель

-

192

219

298


На предприятиях Карелии картофель размещают в двух типах севооборотов: полевых и специальных (овоще - кормовых и семеноводческих). По количеству полей преобладают пяти- и шестипольные, что объясняется небольшим набором сельскохозяйственных культур в совхозах.

При построении севооборотов в семеноводческих хозяйствах следует более тщательно подходить к выбору предшественников, чтобы учесть возможную опасность поражения семенного картофеля болезнями и вредителями. Некоторые культуры — вика, засоренные посевы клевера и других многолетних трав, запыреенные участки — способствуют сохранению нематоды картофеля. Викоовсяная смесь, озимая рожь, ячмень, наоборот, очищают от нее почву, а возделывание картофеля после капусты затрудняет борьбу с паршой обыкновенной. Полевые культуры, засоренные пыреем, обычно накапливают много личинок проволочника, которые сильно повреждают клубни картофеля. В связи с этим, в севооборотах с семенным картофелем борьбе с сорняками применяют раундап (5 -8 л/га) -осенью или рано весной, зенкор (1,4-2,1 кг/га) -до или после появления всходов.

В хозяйствах необходимо строго дифференцировать севообороты по производству продовольственного и семенного картофеля. Предшественники, насыщение основной культурой, подбор почв для них различны (табл. 3,4).

Таблица 3. Схемы севооборотов для выращивания семенного картофеля

Севооборот, % насыщения картофелем

Чередование культур в севообороте

4-польный, 25

I. 1) озимые; 2) картофель; 3) корнеплоды; 4) вико-овес (занятой пар)

II. 1) яровые зерновые; 2) клевер 3) клевер; 4) картофель

5-польный, 20

I. 1) озимые; 2) картофель; 3) яровые зерновые; 4) клевер; 5) клевер

II. 1) вико-овес (занятой пар); озимые; 3) картофель; 4) яровые зерновые; 5) силосные

III. 1) Вико-овес (занятой пар); 2) озимые; 3)картофель; 4) кукуруза; 5) корнеплоды

6-польный,16,6

1) яровые зерновые; 2) клевер; 3) озимые; 4) картофель; 5) занятой пар; 6) озимые

7-польный, 28,5

1) яровые зерновые; 2) многолетние травы; 3) многолетние травы; 4) картофель; 5) занятой пар; 6) озимые; 7) картофель


В севообороты с семенным картофелем полезно включать участки с окультуренными торфяными почвами. Они отличаются наиболее высоким естественным плодородием, содержат большое количество органического вещества (до 80.90 %), имеют высокую скважность и большую влагоемкость. Кроме того, выращенный на них картофель дает более продуктивное потомство по сравнению с посадочным материалом тех же сортов, но выращенных на минеральных почвах.

Все виды работ по уходу за посадками необходимо проводить специальной техникой, которая не использующейся на общих производственных посадках и приусадебных участках. Если площади оздоровленного семенного картофеля небольшие, и нет возможности выделить отдельный агрегат, все виды работ вначале проводят на этих участках, а затем уже на других картофельных полях, исключая приусадебные участки.

Перед повторными обработками семеноводческих участков агрегаты хорошо промывают водой и дезинфицируют 5% раствором медного купороса.



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