Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/index.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::importPlugin() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/index.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFile::exists() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/plugins/system/socialloginandsocialshare.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::clean() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/filesystem/file.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JPlugin in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JEvent::update() should be compatible with JObserver::update() in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/joomla/event/event.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /usr/www/users/lenagr/libraries/loader.php on line 71

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Группировка коров - Lenagro.ORG Сельское хозяйство Ленинградской области
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Группировка коров

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Автор: Евгений Долматов   
29.05.2013 10:34

Группировка и перемещения коров в коровнике влияют на количество отделений и боксов.


Коров хорошо группировать на основе кормления, при этом необходимо минимум 2 отделения: одно для дойных коров, другое - для сухостойных. Боксы для больных и требующих лечения коров располагают недалеко от доильного зала так, чтобы их отделение происходило естественным образом после дойки или их помещают в отдельном дворе, где также имеется отдельный доильный зал. Отдельно надо планировать место для коров, которым требуется обрезка и лечение копыт.

В крупных хозяйствах можно подумать о формировании групп первотелок и коров, находящихся на заключительной стадии лактации, или делать для них отдельный двор. Сухостойных коров отделяют от лактирующих, чтобы правильно организовать их кормление. Сухостойные толстеют от кормов, предназначенных для лактирующих коров, что влияет на отелы и ведет к другим проблемам со здоровьем.


Бокс для отелов в группе, который можно делить с помощью промежуточных ограждений. О чистоте бокса и животных надо позаботиться с помощью обильной подстилки.


Гидравлически поднимаемый и опускаемый мост через кормовой стол, по которому коровы идут на дойку.

При определении размеров отделений необходимо принимать во внимание животных, уходящих в запуск, как по части телочек, так и коров. Нетель перед отелом лучше перемещать в одно место с лактирующими коровами тем раньше, чем больше условия их содержания отличаются от условий дойных коров. Таким образом, животное успеет перед отелом сформировать антитела в молоке и привыкнуть к новому окружению. С другой стороны, не отелившуюся нетель нельзя кормить кормосмесью для лактирующих коров из-за риска ожирения, при подготовке к лактации ей даются кормосмеси как сухостойных, так и частично кормосмеси лактирующих коров.

Рекомендуется, чтобы корова телилась в боксе для отелов, где имеется возможность совместного пребывания. Родильный бокс должен находиться в месте без сквозняков. Это должно быть место, которое можно изменять, из которого можно выделять индивидуальные боксы. Путь из группового бокса к родильному боксу должен быть легким. Помимо всего, необходимо иметь возможность погибшее в родильном боксе животное переместить наружу. В боксе должна быть предусмотрена возможность привязывания/прикрепления, доения, поильная чашка и много подстилки. В боксах для лечения должно быть такое же оборудование, как в родильных боксах. Закрывающееся переднее ограждение - самый безопасный и легкий способ отделить корову для проведения лечебных мероприятий.

200 КОРОВ = В СРЕДНЕМ 30 СУХОСТОЙНЫХ, ИЗ КОТОРЫХ 6 ЗАПУСКАЕМЫХ!


Беспрепятственное движение на дойку


Препятствия по пути на дойку как в доильный зал, так и на робот значительно увеличивают затраты труда, а при автоматическом доении снижают количество доений. Проход на дойку должен быть освещен, а поверхность пола - не скользкой. Коровы при движении должны видеть цель. С точки зрения действенности движения животных и обеспечения бесперебойной дойки путь на дойку должен быть максимально прямой, без поворотов и порогов. Выход из доильного зала и необходимая площадка должны быть спроектированы таким образом, чтобы вся группа коров могла выйти из зала одновременно, не задерживая проход следующей группы в зал. Только далее, перед возможными селекционными воротами и после них ширина прохода должна быть настолько узкой, чтобы корова не смогла повернуться вокруг своей оси. На выходе не надо размещать пункты поения, они должны находиться во дворе.



Облегчить дойку


Автоматизация доения делает более гибким уход за животными, а также уменьшает работу по доению и нагрузку от нее. При поголовьях, обслуживаемых двумя и более роботами, производительность труда в основном повышается, а цена скотоместа снижается по сравнению с поголовьями, обслуживаемыми одним роботом.

В преддоильном зале желательно иметь подгонщик, который регулировал бы размер преддоильной площадки в зависимости от группы коров, избегая при этом их скопления. Время, проведенное коровой в преддоильном зале, не должно превышать одного часа, группа коров определяется визуально. При доении роботами также необходимо уделять внимание простоте продвижения коров на дойку, путь должен быть максимально коротким и прямым. Перед роботом должно быть несколько метров свободного пространства, а для определенных коров должно быть закрываемое место ожидания.

Особенно важно в крупных хозяйствах, чтобы коровам на дойке производились только самые необходимые мероприятия, чтобы дойка не затягивалась, а нагрузка на доярку и время ожидания коров были бы непродолжительными.

К обработке вымени коровы относится протирание нижней части вымени и сосков, сдаивание первых струек в кружку. Доильный аппарат следует закреплять не раньше чем через минуту, но не позднее, чем через две минуты после начала обработки вымени. Закрепляя доильный аппарат именно тогда, когда молоко опустилось в вымя, можно ускорить весь процесс доения коровы.


Преддоильный зал с дистанционным управлением подгонщиком.


Общая атмосфера в коровнике беспривязного содержания спокойная и светлая.

Эффективная дойка в доильном зале предполагает наличие преддоильного зала с управляемым дистанционно подгонщиком. Преддоильную площадку необходимо сделать такой, чтобы на ней помещалось такое количество коров, которых подоили бы в течение часа. Подгонщик снижает затраты труда и дает возможность эффективно распределять работу между работниками. Некоторые модели подгонщиков «при движении назад» работают как навозные скребки, что облегчает уборку преддоильного зала после дойки.



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Обновлено 29.05.2013 11:26
 

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